Tag Archive: Paterson

Another day, another corruption bust

Details are sketchy, but Ed Beeson writes:

FBI agents today arrested Chauncey I. Brown III, a former Paterson Board of Education president and one-time fire department captain, on federal bribery charges.

While still serving on the board, Brown solicited and accepted a $5,000 bribe in exchange for securing an insurance brokerage contract with the board, a complaint filed by the U.S. Attorney’s Office alleges.

The alleged bribe took place during the summer of 2006, when Brown met two undercover agents posing as insurance brokers in Atlantic City. His alleged acceptance of the bribe was recorded on audio and video tape, the complaint says.

Sigh.  No joy in Mudville.  It’s good to see these guys going away, but it would be even better if I didn’t have the feeling that, all too often, we’re just changing the names.  

Hey huntsu – what’s the Dem to Rep ration for Chris Christie now?

Quote of the Day: Baggy Pants Edition

nobaggypantsAs if there aren’t enough problems across our state, word comes that a Paterson Councilman has identified the next great threat to our towns… Baggy Pants.  Councilman Anthony Davis plans on introducing a proposal that will make wearing baggy pants a violation subject to a fine under they city’s indecency laws:

“We’re tired of seeing your behind. We don’t want to see your back side. We don’t need to see your underwear. We don’t need to see your drawers. Wear your pants.”

I’m not fan of seeing people’s underwear either, but are officers really going to chase people down and enforce a baggy pants ban?  Isn’t there anything more important for them to do with the limited resources these towns have now?

A National Park (and Some Overdue Respect) for New Jersey’s 3rd Largest City

Paterson Great Falls Paterson’s Great Falls

Rep. Bill Pascrell (NJ-8) is proving persistance pays off, when his dream of a national park in his hometown – the Paterson Great Falls National Historic Park Act of 2007 – inched closer to reality today, with the support of the entire New Jersey House delegation.

If you’ve never been to the Great Falls – the second largest waterfall by volume
east of the Mississippi after Niagara – you should think about making a road trip. It really is a sight to behold.
(Tip: go after a rainstorm for an extra special treat).

An appreciative Pascrell announced

This is a landmark moment for the city of Paterson and whole state of New Jersey. I thank my colleagues in the House of Representatives for joining with the people of New Jersey to truly acknowledge the incredible historic significance and natural splendor of Paterson’s Great Falls.

Joining in the praise was fellow Paterson native Senator Frank Lautenberg, who added:

The Great Falls in Paterson is a landmark that deserves recognition as a national historic park.  Giving the Great Falls this designation would go a long way toward recognizing the beauty and history of the site and helping preserve it for future generations.

The Act would place over 100 acres of the Paterson Great Falls Historic District under the auspices of the National Park Service, charged with restoring and preserving the area. Lautenberg and Senator Menendez are the main sponsors of the legislation in the Senate.

Blue Jersey’s Resolution to Impeach Bush-Cheney

Following is one of the five documents that are the Foundation of North Jersey Impeach Group

To read the formatted text suitable for printing, go to:
  NJ Resolution to Impeach

The language of the resolution is taken from both the Center for Constitutional Rights in New York and the After Downing Street Organization.  It’s tailored for our legislature in New Jersey, but the substance of the text can be used in any state with the “mechanical particulars” adapted to the requirements of each state’s process.

North Jersey Impeach Group
117 Chestnut Drive • Wayne • NJ  07470•5639
973 • 694 • 5035

A Resolution to Impeach President George W. Bush
and Vice President Richard B. Cheney

WHEREAS, George W. Bush subverted the Constitution, its guarantee of a republican form of government, and the constitutional separation of powers by undermining the rightful authority of Congress to declare war, oversee foreign affairs, and make appropriations.  He did so by justifying the war with false and misleading statements and deceived the people of the United States as well as Congress.  He denied the electorate the right to make an informed choice and thereby undermined democracy; and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush and Richard B. Cheney conspired with others to defraud the United States of America by intentionally misleading Congress and the public regarding the threat from Iraq in order to justify a war in violation of Title 18 United States Code, Section 371; and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush, abused his power by failing to take care that the laws were faithfully executed by directing or authorizing the National Security Agency and various other agencies within the intelligence community to conduct electronic surveillance outside of the statutes Congress  prescribed as the exclusive means for such surveillance, and to use such information for purposes unknown but unrelated to any lawful function of his office; he also concealed the existence of this unlawful program of electronic surveillance from Congress, the press and the public; and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush has admitted to ordering the National Security Agency to conduct electronic surveillance of American civilians without seeking warrants from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review, duly constituted by Congress in 1978, in violation of Title 50 United States Code, Section 1805; and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush, abused his power by violating the constitutional and international rights of citizens and non-citizens by arbitrarily detaining them indefinitely inside and outside of the United States, without due process, without charges and with limited – if any – access to council or courts. He failed to faithfully execute the laws of the United States by allowing his administration to condone torture, failing to investigate and prosecute high-level officials responsible for torture, and officially refusing to accept the binding nature of a statutory ban on cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment; and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush and Richard B. Cheney conspired to commit the torture of prisoners in violation of the “Federal Torture Act” Title 18 United States Code, Section 113C, the UN Torture Convention and the Geneva Convention, which under Article VI of the Constitution are part of the “supreme Law of the Land;” and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush and Richard B. Cheney acted to strip American citizens of their constitutional rights by ordering indefinite detention without access to legal counsel, without charge and without the opportunity to appear before a civil judicial officer to challenge the detention, based solely on the discretionary designation by the President of a U.S. citizen as an “enemy combatant,” all in subversion of law; and

WHEREAS, George W. Bush, in his conduct of the Office of the President of the United States, in violation of his constitutional oath to faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States and, to the best of his ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States, and in violation of his constitutional duty to take care that the laws be faithfully executed, arrogated excessive power to the executive branch in violation of basic constitutional principles of the separation of powers; and

WHEREAS, In all of this George W. Bush and Richard B. Cheney acted in a manner contrary to their trust as President and Vice President, subversive of constitutional government to the great prejudice of the cause of law and justice, and to the manifest injury of the people of New Jersey and of the United States of America; and

WHEREAS, Petitions from the country at large may be presented by the Speaker of the House according to Clause 3 of House Rule XII; and

WHEREAS, Jefferson’s Manual Section LIII, 603, states that impeachment may be set in motion by charges transmitted from the legislature of a State;

Be it resolved that George W. Bush and Richard B. Cheney, by such conduct, warrant impeachment and trial, and removal from office and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States;

Be it resolved further, by the Legislature of the State of New Jersey, That our Senators and Representatives in the United States Congress be, and they are hereby, directed to cause to be instituted in the Congress of the United States proper proceedings for the investigation of the activities of the George W. Bush and Richard B. Cheney, to the end that they may be impeached and removed from such office;

Be it resolved further, That the Clerk of State of the State of New Jersey be, and is hereby, instructed to certify to each Senator and Representative in the Congress of the United States, and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, under the great seal of the State of New Jersey, a copy of this resolution and its adoption by the legislature of the State of New Jersey.  The copies shall be marked with the word “Petition” at the top of the document and contain the original authorizing signature of the President of the Senate and Speaker of the Assembly of New Jersey.

Blue Jersey Impeach Time

The following text is one of our five documents that are the foundation of North Jersey Impeach Group

You can see the document as formatted at
NJ Impeach Time

New Jersey Impeach Time

  Here in the Garden State, things don’t look so rosy these days.  Though our state enjoys life above the national average, there are really disturbing trends that prove we’re moving in the wrong direction.  According to the latest census figures, New Jersey ranks first in median household income at $61,700; BUT —

• NJ income was down by 2.8% last year;
• The NJ poverty rate is up by almost 1%, from 7.8 to 8.7% since 2000;
• An estimated 38% of New Jersey homeowners, and 47% of tenants,spend more than 30% of their incomes on housing costs;
• The number of New Jersey people without health care continues to climb, from 14.6 to 15.2%.  These numbers are a direct result of Bush policies.

  As of September 19, 2006, according to Survey USA, a private company which monitors public opinion for 50 television news organizations, President Bush is disapproved more than approved in 45 states.  Only Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, Nebraska and Texas — barely —  approve more than disapprove him.  In Rhode Island, 76% disapprove Bush with only 22% supporting him.  In New Jersey today 64% disapprove Bush and 32% like what the president’s doing.  Nationwide Bush has 39% approval against 59% disapproval.  If you’re fed up with what Bush is doing, you’re in the majority by a landslide.

  We’re proud of our American heritage, so we have to wonder what future generations will think as we continue doing nothing when we actually know the truth, that the President and his Vice President knew there were no weapons of mass destruction, and that the White House consciously and deliberately lied in order to put our country to war against Iraq.  That violates our Constitution, an impeachable offense.

  The United States of America is now plagued with perpetual fear, perpetual war, constant mission creep and increasing cost with no sense in sight.  We were told that Iraq, presently sitting on top of two trillion gallons of unrefined crude, would be able to pay its own reconstruction.  Three years ago, the Bush administration had that specific proposal before it and failed to pursue it because it was a Democratic idea.  This Administration has never vetoed a spending bill and we are going on nine trillion dollars in debt.  Think of that number: $9,000,000,000,000.00.  Mismanagement is understatement; we’re really facing five years of corruption, incompetence, lies and warmongering.

  Remember the Downing Street Memo?  The memo of a meeting of the British Prime Minister and his ministers documents that the Bush team “fixed” the intelligence on Iraq so it would support the president’s mania for war.  It’s another violation, another impeachable offense.  And the memo was swept under the table.  The normal responses by this White House are change the theme and fire anybody who disagrees with its official version.  Enough is enough.  There are about 118 weeks left of Bush.  His gang must be stopped.  Honesty, integrity and trust are crucial to the life of our country.

The Bush administration demonstrates consistent contempt for all Americans. 
They cut taxes on the richest of us and turn their backs on the people they order to battle.  They send our service people to battle without adequate body armor even though they can easily acquire the best body armor.  They put our service people on the road to death in Iraq in humvees with no armor.  And they issue orders that no pictures can be taken of flag-draped coffins of our troops being shipped into Dover Air Force Base.

  They authorized torture in Abu Ghraib and in Guantanamo prisons in violations of the Geneva Convention, the Nuremberg Convention, and the United Nations charter, to all of which our country is a signatory and constitutes the supreme law of our United States.

  They initiated programs of wholesale spying on Americans without justification, let alone warrants.  It’s another violation, another impeachable offense.  We are citizens who have come to the sad conclusion that the present leadership of the United States betrays the people, and the Bush administration must be held to account and investigated for criminal actions and treason against the United States.

  The great Thomas Jefferson had the vision to anticipate a time when a Congress is become so corrupt, or bribed, or decadent, that it’s no longer responsible to the needs of the people they are elected to serve.  In Jefferson’s Manual of Parliamentary Practices, which is part of the rules of the U.S. House of Representatives, he created a mechanism by which a state legislature can transmit a resolution to impeach to the House of Representatives in Washington, and effectively direct the U.S. House to address the question of an investigation to determine whether to impeach a civil officer of the United States, a judge, or a president.

  The evidence proves George Bush and Richard Cheney subvert the Constitution and engage in conspiracy to impose fraud and deceit on the United States.

  Our country is in a state of intense crisis.  We don’t believe the situation is hopeless.  People in New Jersey are can-do people, and it’s not too late to save our country.  As citizens of our troubled, great, beloved country, we have an obligation to fix it.  We can do this in New Jersey.

  The bottom line for us all is the fact that success is not guaranteed does not relieve our state of its obligation to do all it possibly can to defend the United States Constitution according to the oath of our officers.  We believe our legislators can meet this obligation and offer a true profile in courage.  The politicians cannot meet this obligation by themselves.  It requires large and vocal support from us.  It requires citizenship and devotion to democracy.  When treason is committed we are compelled to take action.

  If you’re fed up, it’s time to stand up for democracy.  It’s time to stop the spinning and focus on winning.  Now’s the time to act to save our country.  Democracy is your birthright.

  Accordingly, people in New Jersey are joined in a campaign to pass our state legislature, A Resolution to Impeach the President and the Vice President.  We are one group among several in our state dedicated to removing the Bush administration from power.  Our group’s membership is only 75 people, but we have collected hundreds of petitions to impeach, and our members are from all over, from Warwick to Paterson to Princeton to Atlantic City, from Teaneck to Clinton, and as word spreads of our efforts, and as the situation in West Asia and here gets worse, more and more people will join this effort.

  We hope concerned patriots will agree to work to restore democracy and reclaim our country.  We hope people will contact us.  The text of our resolution is taken from a draft by the Center for Constitutional Rights in New York, http://ccr-ny.org  and another by http://afterdownings…http://pdamerica.orghttp://impeachbush.t…  – and modified to meet the requirements of our legislature.

North Jersey Impeach Group
117 Chestnut Drive • Wayne NJ 07470-5639

973 • 694 • 5035

North Jersey Impeach Group Statement of Purpose

117 Chestnut Drive  •  Wayne  •  NJ  07470•5639
973 • 694 • 5035

Contact Us!  Join Us!
Our Group Meets on the Second Monday Every Month
Fed Up Yet?  And Who are We Anyway?

Like you, we’re fed up with the Bush Gang, the crimes, the lies, the wars, the corruption and the absolute contempt they have for our Bill of Rights, the United Nations, your right to control your destiny, your basic human dignity and our commonwealth.

What do we want?
3 Points — Preserve, Protect and Defend the Constitution of the USA:
Impeach the Bush Gang

☐  We aim to impeach the Bush Gang.
It’s our duty to do it today.  Right now!

  Along with thousands of patriots, we collect petitions for impeachment.  Our country’s going on two-million petitions are signed now!  In 45 states more people disapprove the Bush Gang than approve.  You’re in the majority — by a landslide.  Throughout his presidency, Nixon did much better than Bush in the polls, and the threat of impeachment drove Nixon from power.  The Democrats didn’t force Nixon out, the American people did.  Don’t believe talk radio types who say impeachment is a waste of time.  YOU make it happen when patriots join to demand justice.  We call for impeachment because it’s the right thing to do.

☐ At the same time we’re a national movement
to get state legislatures to push impeachment.

  God bless Tom Jefferson!  Every state can initiate impeachment without requiring that a member of the US House of Representatives introduce the resolution.  The Jefferson Manual of Parliamentary Practices is part of the House Rules, which govern the US House of Representatives.  Section LIII, 603 states:  “In the House there are various methods of setting an impeachment in motion: . . .  by charges transmitted from the legislature of a State (III, 2469) . . .”  Three states — Illinois, California and Vermont — have already introduced bills to vote on joint resolutions of impeachment.  Oregon will likely follow suit soon, and movement is expected in many other states.  We can do this in New Jersey.  The fact that success is not guaranteed does not relieve our state of its obligation to do whatever it can to defend the United States Constitution according to the oath of our state’s officers.

☐ Justice is impossible when democracy’s subverted,
stolen and killed by criminals.

  We work for justice because we know civilization is impossible without it.  But impeaching the bad guys won’t mean a thing when they control the voting process.  There’s not one electric voting machine that cannot be rigged.  Computerized voting machines can give you a paper receipt which will “verify” your vote, but it can still report your vote for the other candidate.  Gore was elected president by both popular vote and in the electoral college.  JFK was too.  But Bush was literally “selected then elected.”

  Democracy’s already stolen.  Americans support the VOTERS’ BILL OF RIGHTS for a national standard of paper only balloting.  We support the Voters’ Bill of Rights.  You should too.  We must get rid of voting machines in New Jersey and in our whole country. You’re entitled to democracy.  Democracy is your birthright.

Saving the World One American at a Time

North Jersey Impeach Group for Voters’ Bill of Rights

Voters’ Bill of Rights

  From unreliable electronic voting machines and millions of uncounted ballots, to partisan election officials and 10 hour waits at the polls, it’s clear our electoral system is in dire need of an overhaul.  To build a more just, secure and robust dem-ocracy, support the following 10-point Voters’ Bill of Rights:

1. Eliminate Rigged Voting Mechanisms  — 
  Hard Copy Paper Ballots are Most Reliable

  It’s demonstrated indisputably that no type of voting machine produced is “tamper-proof.”  All mechanisms available today, whether voting by lever, computerized electronic machines, optical scan devices, even systems that offer “paper trail receipts” can record your vote as cast but actually vote for the other candidate in the tally — the final vote count.  The only real tamper-proof system is voting by paper ballots with votes physically marked by the voter, and those votes tallied with non-partisan oversight conducted under oath with federal  penalties for misconduct in the election vote counting.
This must be our national standard for democracy.

2. Replace Partisan Oversight with Non-Partisan Election Commissions
  It’s time to overhaul our federal, state, and local election agencies to guarantee fair elections.  We must replace the current system of partisan election administration, in which partisan secretaries of state, county clerks, election commissioners, and other partisan officials are able to issue rulings that favor their own political parties and themselves, with a non-partisan, independent system of running elections.  We must end the practice of contracting out fundamental election functions, such as the maintenance of voter lists, to private corporations. We must also insure that independent internnational and domestic election observers are given full access to monitor our elections.

3. Celebrate Democracy: Make Election Day a National Holiday
  People should not be forced to choose between exercising their right to vote and getting to work on time.  While the laws of 30 states guarantee the right to take time off from work to vote, many workers and employers are unaware of these laws.  Holding national elections on a national holiday will greatly increase the number of available poll workers and polling places and increase overall turnout, while making it much easier for working Americans to go to the polls.  Election Day is already a holiday in Puerto Rico in presidential election years, and many Puerto Ricans celebrate and make Election Day a fun and festive party with a purpose.  It’s time for the United States to follow Puerto Rico’s lead.

4. Make it Easier to Vote
  Many citizens are discouraged from voting by unnecessary bureaucratic hurdles and restrictions.  We must simplify and rationalize voter registration so that no one is again disenfranchised for failing to check a superfluous box, as occurred this year in Florida, or for not using heavy enough paper, as nearly occurred in Ohio.  We must require voter registrars to sign affidavits promising to submit any registrations in their possession in a timely manner.  We must eliminate police intimidation, language, physical disability, extra-legal requirements of personal identification, and other barriers to voting.  To ensure that all qualified voters are able to vote, we must follow the lead of states like Minnesota and Wisconsin by replacing restrictive voter residency requirements with same-day voter registration, allowing qualified voters to register at the polls on Election Day itself.

  Our current system forces millions of voters to wait up to 10 hours to vote.  This is unacceptable, and it disenfranchises those who cannot afford to wait.  To increase access to the polls, all states must provide sufficient funding for enough early voting and election day polling places to guarantee smooth and speedy voting.  To ensure equal access and minimize the wait at the polls, election authorities must allocate resources based upon the number of potential voters per precinct.  We must put an end to the government-backed practice of allowing partisan activists to challenge the voting rights of individual voters at the polls. Instead, the government must invest in campaigns designed to educate voters about how they can exercise and protect their right to vote.

5. Count Every Vote!
  Voters must know that their vote will count and make a difference.  Every recent presidential election has been marred by the discounting millions of spoiled, under-vote, over-vote, provisional and absentee ballots.  This discounting of votes has disproportionately impacted people of color, especially African Americans, and is a fundamental voting rights and racial justice problem.  Election officials must ensure that every voting precinct and wards is adequately staffed with sufficiently trained personnel and professional supervision; that old and unreliable voting machines are done away with; that absentee ballots are mailed with a sufficient time for delivery; that all ballots, including provisional ballots, are counted; and that provisional ballots count for statewide and federal contests regardless of where the vote is cast. Election officials should wait until after any recounts have been completed to provide final certification of election results.

6. Re-Enfranchise Ex-Felons & Non-Felons
  The permanent disenfranchisement of former felons, a practice that falls outside of international or even U.S. norms, is an unreasonable and dangerous penalty that weakens our democracy by creating a subclass of four million excluded American citizens.  The practice has also been used to purge voter lists of hundreds of thousands of citizens never convicted of any felony.  Because the criminal justice system disproportionately penalizes African American males, this disenfranchisement is racist in its impact and is constitutionally suspect.  Those states that permanently disenfranchise felons (Florida, Virginia, Nebraska, Mississippi, Kentucky, Iowa, Alabama, and Arizona) must amend their laws and practices to restore full citizenship to ex-offenders.

  We must replace our current “first-past-the-post” system with Instant Runoff Voting (IRV).  Unlike our current system, which forces voters to reject their preferred candidate in favor of a “lesser evil” who may have a better chance of defeating the candidate they most fear, IRV allows them to choose both.  In this way, it eliminates the so-called “spoiler” and “wasted vote” effects and gives voters a more democratic set of choices.  Under IRV, voters simply rank candidates in order of their preference (first, second, etc.).  If a candidate wins a majority of first choice votes, that candidate is the winner.  If no candidate gets a majority of first choices, the lowest vote-getting candidate is eliminated, and his/her votes are given to the candidates whom the supporters of the eliminated candidate chose as their second option.  Counting continues until one candidate has received a majority.  IRV therefore not only allows voters to voice their real preferences; it also ensures that the will of the true majority, not a mere plurality, produces the winner of each election.  In addition, IRV makes it possible to conduct the runoff count without the need for a separate and expensive runoff election. Instant Runoff Voting is used successfully around the world, including Ireland, Australia, and most recently, San Francisco.

  The right of representation belongs to all citizens.  Our winner-take-all elections award representation to the largest factions and leave everyone else, often the majority, unrepresented.  The winner-take-all system unnecessarily restricts choice, polarizes politics and limits political discourse.  We must adopt Proportional Representation (PR) for legislative elections to ensure the fair representation of all voters.  Millions of Democrats in Republican areas and Republicans in Democratic areas are unrepresented in our system, and the majority of Greens, Libertarians, and other independents are unrepresented at all levels of government. Our system should provide fair representation to all voters, in proportion to their numbers.

8. Replace Big Money Control With Public Financing and Equal Air-Time
  In a system where the amount of money a candidate spends is directly related to their likelihood of winning, it is not surprising that voters think politicians are more concerned with big campaign contributors than with individual voters.  We must follow Maine’s lead by establishing a nationwide system of full public financing for all ballot-qualified candidates.  We must require the broadcasting corporations that license our public airwaves to provide air time for debates, and free time for all ballot-qualified candidates and parties.

9. Guarantee Equal Access to the Ballot and Debates
  In our current electoral system, independent parties such as the Greens and Libertarians face a host of barriers designed to limit voter choice and voice.  Ballot access laws and debates specifically designed to exclude independent party candidates discourage voting and undermine the legitimacy of our elections.  In most cases, the established parties have never themselves met the signature require-ments they impose on independent parties.  We must eliminate prohibitive ballot access requirements, and replace the partisan Commission on Presidential Debates with a non-partisan Citizens Debate Commission.

10. Abolish the Electoral College and Enact
  Statehood for the District of Columbia

  It is time to end the safe state/battleground state dichotomy and make all votes equal, no matter the state of the voter. We must amend the Federal Constitution to replace election of the President by the Electoral College with direct election by the voters.  At the same time, for so long as the Electoral College persists, we must amend our state laws and constitutions to allocate each state’s electors proportionately to the popular vote.

  It’s also time to end the disenfranchisement of the over half million Americans who reside in the District of Columbia.  DC residents deserve the same political rights enjoyed by citizens of our nation’s fifty states, namely full voting representation in both houses of the U.S. Congress, as well as legislative, budgetary, and judicial sovereignty.  Washington D.C. is the only existing majority African American federal jurisdiction, and the denial of DC voting rights is thus inherently racist.  Furthermore, the denial of DC voting rights can’t be defended on the basis of population size; the majority white State of Wyoming has a smaller population.  It’s time to grant statehood to the District of Columbia.
North Jersey Impeach Group
117 Chestnut Drive • Wayne • NJ 07470•5639
• info@impeachthem.com

Big City Mayors – Big City Money

March 16 is the deadline to file petitions for the non-partisan May 9 mayoral races in two of New Jersey’s largest cities, Paterson and Newark, and while there is technically still no contested race in either city, that hasn’t stopped the money from pouring in:

Only incumbent mayor Joey Torres has even filed in Paterson, yet:

The incumbent has already raised more than $700,000, with more than three months to go,

…[while] of the dozen potential candidates who are considering challenging Torres, none has filed the reports required under state law.

Meanwhile, in Newark, the much-anticipated rematch between incumbent mayor Sharpe James and challenger Corey Booker has yet to materialize because James has not yet declared. But that hasn’t stopped donors from piling on to both camps, who report nearly $3 million cash on hand between them.

Good to hear there are still investments being made in our cities.