Author Archive: Bill Orr

About Bill Orr

University of Virginia Masters in English. Have lived in Argentina, Panama, Delaware, Virginia, California, NYC, and New Jersey for the last 25 years. Former editor and manager at McGraw-Hill, former President of Gay Activist Alliance of NJ, founder of NJ ActUp, and North Jersey Community Research Initiative (NJCRI) in Newark.

NJ Needs Federal Immigration Reform Now

Arizona’s new pending law has propelled federal comprehensive immigration reform into the spotlight, but the stakes are particularly high in New Jersey. The Pew Center reported in April 2008 that in N.J. we have the sixth largest number of unauthorized immigrants – approximately 550,000 people, or 6.4% of our total population.  In addition, we have the fourth highest per cent of unauthorized immigrants in our labor force – 9.2%, or 425,000 in a total pool of 4,588,000.  As a point of comparison, based on March 2008 data collected by the Census Bureau, the Pew Center estimates that unauthorized immigrants are 4% of the nation’s population and 5.4% of its workforce.

The Star Ledger indicates the most recent NJ immigration rally took place yesterday in Newark. The Star Ledger also reported on April 25 on an event in Elizabeth: “Citing the need to correct serious flaws in the nation’s immigration system, hundreds of people came to a church for a town meeting attended by Sen. Robert Menendez and Rep. Albio Sires.”  Many New Jerseyans attended a recent rally in Washington DC, and other events are planned in May throughout our state.

Senators Menendez and Schumer put together a 26-page Conceptual Proposal for Immigration Reform. The plan includes stepped up efforts at securing the border first, increased detection, apprehension, and removal of unlawfully present persons and ending illegal employment through biometric employment verification.  It also provides a path toward citizenship with mandatory registration, acceptance of responsibility, and administration of punishment for unauthorized immigrants.

Nonetheless, support in congress has been luke warm at best.  Portions of the plan that create a pathway for citizenship are disliked by cultural/nativist Republicans and other portions that make hiring of inexpensive labor more difficult are disliked by traditional businessmen Republicans.  Likewise, Democrats are suspicious about a biometric social security card and concerned that a more open immigration policy can not co-exist with a robust safety net for all. In the midst of midterm elections, the public’s vociferous opinions on both sides have rendered most legislators frightened and spineless. Indeed, President Obama said on Thursday there “may not be an appetite” in Congress to deal with immigration.

We send people to Washington to deal with these tough issues. All our NJ legislators and our president must demonstrate leadership, not excuses.  We now have a template for reform, one that can jumpstart negotiations and lead to a final bill. Ironically, the fact that different people dislike the proposal for different reasons is all the more indication that the plan is not just a Republican or a Democratic plan but one aimed at a fair resolution for all involved.

No matter how difficult it might be to pass this reform in the midst of midterm electioneering it is unlikely to be any easier after the elections. Indeed if Democrats lose seats in the Senate and House, the gridlock will be worse, and progressives’ hopes for meaningful reform will be dashed. Concerned NJ residents should keep up their rallies and demands. Legislators and President Obama should shore up their courage.  The time is now.

CONSOLIDATION: End the Gridlock

So entrenched is the “Home Rule” attitude embedded in the NJ psyche that with 566 municipalities (the most per capita of any state) since 1952 only Pahaquarry and Hardwick have consolidated into a single unit. As Bruck and Pinto concluded in a Seton Hall journal article, Overruled by Home Rule, “Residents tend to develop an attachment to their tiny communities, even if the only thing that distinguishes them from neighboring towns is an arbitrary political boundary. More importantly, however, are local government officials who are crucial for reform efforts but have strong personal incentives to maintain the status quo. Add to this mix the thorny issues of racial and socioeconomic segregation, and the situation is ripe for political gridlock.”  

To address this gridlock, in early 2007 Governor Corzine and the legislature created LUARC (the Local Unit Alignment, Reorganization and Consolidation Commission.) Based on the federal procedures for closing military bases, this commission was to review the municipalities, periodically present to the legislature a package of municipalities to be consolidated, and then have the legislature vote the package up or down. However opposing legislators added a provision that each municipality to be merged had also to vote favorably on the matter. Guess what?  Back to square one.

Over the years even soaring property taxes have been insufficient to motivate towns to consolidate. Then along came our blustering bully governor who by severely reducing funding both to schools and municipalities might have provided the impetus for towns and even school districts to reconsider. It is curious how both Corzine and Christie seem yolked together with separate actions that may yet result in beneficial consolidation.

It is possible for state government to provide further assistance, including additional funding to LUARC to extend education and expertise. However, given the “third rail” nature of the issue, it seems unlikely that the legislature will modify the law to remove the provision requiring a favorable vote in each affected municipality. And such a requirement is not necessarily unreasonable as consolidation has an impact on many parts of each community. Where there is mutual agreement among towns’ residents there is likely to be a more successful outcome.

Because of economic pressures, we may be at a unique moment.  However, don’t expect local mayors and councils to advocate for consolidation. Just as Jeff Gardner joined with 25 democrats in Hawthorne to contest the entrenched powers in a primary, so too in the case of consolidation local activists have to learn about the issues, develop an appropriate local rationale, and speak out to community members.  

Experts and activists are important but the larger community has to be fully involved. It can be difficult enough within a given town to reach agreement on thorny issues.  In this case activists need to work with colleagues in all the towns that might join in any particular merger.  To achieve the desired economies of scale five or more towns including possibly a city should join together. Such typically involves finding common ground with people of different socio-economic, racial, ethnic, educational, and religious backgrounds.

In addition to LUARC, there is further help for people who want to end the gridlock. Courage to Connect NJ is one such non-profit organization. Its Executive Director Gina Genevese says, “When residents recognize that their local government is not the sole creator of their sense of community, then we can begin to connect communities through petitions and referendums.  Connected communities with one government are more efficient, more affordable and can create better plans for the future.”

The challenge is there and waiting. Aroused activists and experts, who in turn might generate further assistance from state government, have the opportunity to galvanize communities and bring an end to this gridlock.  

Budget Debate: Lines in the Sand

In the current budget battle Governor Christie has drawn his line in the sand: he will veto any bill that re-institutes the higher 2009 income tax for those earning more than $400,000. Legislative leaders are arguing the 2009 tax rates are necessary, but they have yet to bring such a bill to the floor or to reach such an agreement internally. In the On the Record show this weekend Senate Budget Chair Sarlo said he had not yet decided about the necessity to re-institute the higher tax. In fact just passing such a bill is not enough as Christie can veto it and the legislature might not be able to muster enough Republicans to override the veto.

The Star-Ledger weekend editorial and Tom Moran’s article today talk about  maybe instituting an increase only half as much as the 2009 level – “splitting the difference.”  Given the size of cuts Christie has proposed and his desire for a 2.5% cap on property taxes, a second round of pension cuts, and reform of Civil Service rules, “splitting the difference” on just the tax issue is no compromise. It is a cave-in.

Once the the Senate and Assembly budget committees complete their review within the next few weeks they should immediately start negotiations with the Governor so as to try to prevent the government having to close down in July. The legislature should stand firm and insist that full reinstitution of the 2009 level is necessary, infusing up to $1 billion into the budget. They should seek acquiescence from the governor on some of the key budget lines to be restored or increased. Legislators in turn would agree to forgo many budget lines being increased as $1 billion is insufficient to restore fully the current levels. They would also agree to certain structural changes regarding property tax, pension cuts, and Civiil Service rules. As the governor can both veto bills and line veto budget expenditures, it is critical that negotiations be held and verbal agreements be reached.

The governor has taken a clear, strong position on the tax issue, one which polls indicate runs contrary to public opinion. The Legislature should take an equally clear, strong position. Its leaders will have to act as leaders by forging support of the Democratic legislators and by displaying sharp negotiation skills. They must draw their own line in the sand: the 2009 tax on higher income should be fully restored.  

Millionaire Tax: Less Than You Think But a Big Help

In the midst of the NJ millionaire tax debate it is useful to look at what the higher rates mean in terms of dollars to individual taxpayers, what they mean in total dollars to the state government, and what one millionaire feels about the usefulness of higher taxation.

For tax year 2009 the New Jersey gross income tax rates increased over 2008 with increasingly higher rates for taxpayers with income over $400,000 but not over $500,000; over $500,000 but not over $1,000,000; and over $1,000,000. For tax year 2010 the gross income tax rates will revert to the rates for tax year 2008 unless a new law is passed.

What this means dollar-wise for individual taxpayers is not as much as you might think. For taxable income below $400,000 the tax for 2008 and 2009 was the same. For $450,000 in taxable income the tax in 2008 was $26,539 and in 2009 $27,354. For $550,000 in taxable income the tax in 2008 was $34,209 and in 2009 $36,479. For $1 million in taxable income in 2008 the tax was $74,574 and in 2009 $82,604. In effect, for the following income the increases are $815 on $450,000, $2,270 on $550,000, and $8,030 on $1,000,000. You be the judge of whether these amounts would have a significant impact on wealthy individuals.

Cumulatively for state government it means about an extra $1 billion. Such an amount could restore all or parts of cuts in women’s health clinics, transit fares, universities, TAG grants, libraries, PAAD for senior citizens, AIDS prescription drugs, Hagedorn Psychiatric Hospital, aid for the disabled, aid for grandparents raising kids, and welfare checks. It could also provide monies to reduce cuts in school and municipal funding and permit a modest contribution to the pension fund.

As recently reported in the Record, one NJ millionaire almost a decade ago, Eric Schoenberg of Franklin Lakes decided that the Bush tax cuts were a bad idea, even though he stood to benefit personally from them, so he started donating the money he saved through the tax cuts to charity. He says, “My fundamental argument is that what’s in my best long-term self-interest is that we have a well-functioning society. I have two daughters, 14 and 16, and I believe it’s more important for them that they grow up in a society that works for everybody. These Bush tax cuts are coming from one of the few groups in society that really wouldn’t miss the money.”

Christie: Shrinking Government, Harming Citizens

It was  probably Henry David Thoreau who said, “I heartily accept the motto: That government is best which governs least.”

Long a Republican tenet, it is this belief that more than anything else seems to be driving Governor Christie. Yes he is slashing the budget, attacking unions, and bludgeoning the vulnerable.  However, in a more profound way he is seeking to destroy the concept that in a complex society government has an important, necessary role.  

As the Star Ledger pointed out this weekend, “From homeland security to family-planning services and the environment, state agencies use their money as leverage to win matching federal grants. As the state desperately cuts spending to balance its budget, it loses the ability to ante up its share to qualify for millions in federal funding.”

By not only cutting the budget but by disallowing his departments from obtaining federal grants he is further shrinking the size and role of state government.  It like some other conservative governors who do not want to accept federal unemployment insurance or Medicaid funds because they have to make some contribution to the total.  An unwarranted intrusion these governors say, while depriving their constituents of needed benefits.

A lawyer, prosecutor, and politician, Governor Christie is no businessman and no steward. No businessman would turn down tax cuts, tax credits, or federal grants which help the company in its mission. Likewise, as elected governor, Christie has been entrusted as the steward of NJ’s government, but instead he seeks only to shrink it. More significantly he is doing so in the midst of a steep and long recession when weakened individuals and businesses need  help to recover.  

He displays reckless disregard for government’s role in helping citizens and in performing tasks which individuals by themselves cannot. In denying the state access to federal grants, particularly when needed most, he is harming NJ residents. And he does so with arrogance and egotism, “Any of the cuts that you see us make in the budget are all about me setting priorities that I think are important for New Jersey.”

As our constitution indicates (Article VII, III, 1), “The Governor and all other State officers, while in office and for two years thereafter, shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor committed during their respective continuance in office.” At what point does this harm rise to the level of a misdemeanor or higher? Possibly not yet, and one has to consider that his successor would be Lieutenant Governor Kim Guadagno who, in the mold of Christie, has served as federal prosecutor, NJ Assistant Attorney General, and Sheriff of Monmouth County.  

Nonetheless, a sick patient needs nourishment not starvation. What doctor would not lose his or her medical license for such recklessness?

Budget: Read, Weep and Protest

The Treasury Department has just placed on the web more details about Governor Christie’s budget.  We can read and weep, but we should also protest. Below the fold is a selection of his cuts. Here is the full list.

Many of the cuts strike those most vulnerable: elderly, low-income, disabled, and sick.  But there is also pain for the middle class. These cuts will have very little impact on the wealthy who as of now can look forward to reduced taxes.

Between the cuts listed below the fold and others on the full kill list there is plenty of opportunity to let the governor and legislature know that many of these cuts will do more harm than good.  We need to increase taxes for the wealthiest and make smart investments to ease our way out of the Great Recession.

NJ Finances: Unsurprising, Sobering & a Call to Action


An April 6 report in Bloomberg indicates, “NJ will get about $250 million less revenue than Governor Christie projected for this fiscal year and next because of lagging retail sales taxes.” This news is not surprising.  Most state budgets tend to underestimate their projected net return. Also, we are undergoing the steepest and longest recession since the Great Depression.

The report is sobering because in the Bloomberg article, David Rosen, Legislative Budget and Finance Officer, projects: “At the state’s average growth rate of 5 percent annually, revenues won’t return to 2008 levels until 2014.” Such a slow recovery would be catastrophic for the most vulnerable, very unpleasant for lower/middle class residents, and harm our future. We would be mired in mud for four years and less able to take advantage when the economy improves.

A slow recovery is not inevitable if the legislature takes this news as a further call to increase investments that assure a safety net, aid individuals in getting back to work, maintain key infrastructure, pay down some debt, and foster confidence in business. NJ remains the second wealthiest U.S. state in per-capita income. This is the time to spend a little more not less. Invest now and then save as better times arrive.

This news should give the legislature more incentive to increase the tax rate on brackets for income over $250,000. In addition, a recent state report released quietly by the governor indicates, “New Jersey foregoes more than $15 billion a year in tax revenue through various credits, deductions, exemptions and other special provisions in the state’s tax code.” The governor and legislature should follow up on this report in order to generate more revenue.

Smart businesses, when confronted with a downturn, will reduce certain expenditures, but more importantly to assure growth they emphasize investments to increase new revenue, as for example both Apple and Microsoft have done in difficult periods. Compare them with firms which confronted by a downturn cut their expenses and lower the price of their products for Walmart only to find themselves revenue-depleted in a downward spiral.

A smart $2 billion increase in expenditures, coupled with a similar short-term increase from the two above-mentioned tax sources, will do more to help us out of the mud than mean-spirited, ill-advised cuts proposed by our governor. Activists have already been advocating strongly against certain cuts. This should be a call to action for all civic-minded individuals: make the investments we need to assure a better future for NJ.

Bring Our Troops Home Now

The Star Ledger reported, Scott Brunkhorst, 25, a graduate of Bridgewater-Raritan High School, and weapons squadron leader, was killed in Afghanistan on March 29. He died after stepping on an improvised explosive device as he got out of his truck. He was the 96th NJ soldier to die in our current Afghan and Iraqi wars.

On March 1 according to the NY Times,President Karzai delivered a scorching attack on  the West for its conduct in Afghanistan, which the White House called “troubling.” Mr. Karzai’s speech, coming just days after President Obama visited him in Kabul, laid bare the deep mistrust between the leaders and their governments even as the United States has tripled its troop commitment. Mr. Karzai, American officials said, was still stinging from a political defeat after Parliament on Wednesday rejected a revision of the electoral law that would have allowed him to appoint all the members of an agency that investigates electoral irregularities.”

How can one expect any form of success in such a fragile country where the President is not a willing or trustworthy partner, his government corrupt, his troops often incompetent, his election suspect, and his brother in Kandahar profiting from drug sales? The people of Afghanistan do not trust their government, are fearful of Afghan soldiers, and sometimes prefer the Taliban. Why should Americans have any more confidence in the Afghan government or the American mission? Over the weekend Karzai repeated antagonistic statements about the West leaving little room for the US to maneuver with him.

Meanwhile in Iraq, the leaders are arguing over the formulation of a new government. NY Times reported on April 1, “Iran may seem an unlikely place to turn for guidance when it comes to putting together a democratic government. The ink was hardly dry on the polling results when three of the four major Iraqi political alliances rushed delegations off to Tehran. Yet none of them sent anyone to the United States Embassy here, let alone to Washington.” In the meantime, violence increased over the weekend.

Our control over violence and our influence over the governments in these two countries are rapidly diminishing. Ultimately it will be the Iraqi and Afghan people who will set their own course. Forget victory.

End our two wars.  Bring our troops home now.

Fewer Cuts – More Spending

Our governor’s approach to today’s problems are hurting the middle class and those  most vulnerable by threatening huge budget cuts and a tax cut at a time when judicious tax increases and added spending make more sense. It’s not just our budget which is suffering. It is our economy. And more importantly it is our citizens who have lost savings and pension in the market, seen their home prices sink below the level of their mortgage, and have become under- or un-employed, with banks treating them like prey.

More needs to be  done to harness the state’s revenues in a proactive, positive manner. For the short-term Christie should increase taxes for wealthier residents and increase expenditures. An enlarged budget of about $2 billion would provide a better safety net for the most vulnerable and investments to generate recovery. Penny-wise pound-foolish budgeting only serves to dig a bigger hole and make rebounding more difficult. Ultimately it is wise government, not less government nor more government, which is most beneficial.  

The key is not to add to our debt, accomplished by increasing the tax rate on higher brackets and expending only such funds as become available through the added revenue. Equally important is to pay more into our self-funded debt, such as pension, and not enlarge our outside debt, such as highway bonds. Merrill Lynch said on Monday that New Jersey’s debt should be downgraded to reflect the cost of paying its retiree pensions and health care. In effect, Wall Street analysts are more concerned by a state’s debt overload, and as businessmen they can understand wise investments. What is needed  is to keep our budget in balance and not use accounting to mask debt or project unlikely revenue sources.

Funds raised through a progressive tax schedule can serve as investments. Done on a short-term two-year basis, it should not increase the flight of the wealthy as other states are adopting stern measures, and the wealthy can not quickly or easily liquidate assets such as their expensive homes in order to move elsewhere.

Penny-wise, pound-foolish approaches abound in our governor’s budget, which, if reversed will help. Defunding women’s health clinics, hurts their health, makes them less employable and increases the burden on more expensive emergency rooms which then seek reimbursement elsewhere. Does the governor think that reducing access to library books, a source of free job training and skills enhancement, will help the unemployed? Any increase of mass transit fares during a recession reduces people’s job opportunities. Will refusing to pay into the pension fund help to recruit and retain good state employees or help to hold onto an acceptable credit rating?  Attacking TAG college tuition grants is no way help prepare people for the job market.

Housing is another example of an area in which government investments can help. The decrease of 8% in Northern New Jersey home prices in 2009 is a harbinger of continuing economic malaise. As the Record points out, “For most people, who are neither buying nor selling, lower values reduce household wealth, making consumers less willing – and able – to borrow and spend. This lost housing wealth has added to a sense of unease about the economy.” Until prices stabilize, new home construction workers, remodeling contractors, real estate agents, Home Depot type staff, and others face continued unemployment. In California, with a budget probably even more stressed than ours, Business Week indicates, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger last Thursday signed a bill aimed at selling California’s vacant homes and encouraging new construction by extending a $10,000 state tax credit for first-time homebuyers.

Our governor already advocates more taxes – retrogressive fees on those who can afford them least – while harshly cutting government services and the higher-bracket tax rate. A two-year return to the $400,000 income tax rate by itself would yield approximately $1 billion, and additional rates at the $250,000 and $750,000 bracket could provide another $1 billion. With government investments more people can obtain employment, and both individuals and businesses can recover – creating a “virtuous cycle” rather than a downward spiral or a lengthy “stuck- in-the-mud” period. Then our Governor will still have time in office to cut the budget, reduce some taxes, and increase our surplus.

What I am advocating represents less than a 8% budget increase. It is the government’s role to invest in hard times when citizens are in most need, and put on the brakes in the good times . We need smart, but increased expenditures and taxes now. Citizens and the legislature should urge this wiser approach.  


In his recent diary Nick Lento speaks movingly about Cliffside Park students protesting Christie’s school cuts. It’s great to see students becoming activists. We have gone through periods when they were politically uninvolved. Most recently we have admired young Iranian students courageously taking their lives in their hands to to protest corrupt elections.

Rutgers has a rich tradition of activism. For Paul Robeson just staying and excelling at Rutgers (1915-1919) was a form of activism as other students wanted him off the football team and gone from the university. In 1957 fraternity men attended a demonstration in Trenton protesting financial cutbacks. (Now there is an idea to follow up on.) Students protested for anti-segregation in the 60’s and supported jailed integration activist Donald Harris in 1963. Black students took over Conklin Hall in 1969. In the 80’s these students supported El Salvador, Palestinian rights, Lebanon, and Puerto Rico. Later they supported University President Bloustein in his principled stance against apartheid.

As a child in Argentina I saw students protest against Juan and Eva Peron. An outspoken activist at my school was thrown off a train and lost a leg, but Peron was deposed.  Later living in the Bay area, I witnessed activism at UC Berkeley where Mario Savio led the Free Speech movement. The university had banned all campus political activity and fundraising, but this firebrand changed Berkeley forever.

More recently students have brought energy, ideas, and enthusiasm to lots of activist causes. Many of the NJ ACT UP members were young local students who were fighting both their own grave health problems and an apathetic government.

At a recent Garden State Equality Town Hall Meeting several students were among the most articulate speakers. High school and college students from across NJ converged in Trenton for the Senate ME rallies. Others helped on the phone bank. Some were dispatched with cell phones to neighborhoods where they urged people to call their local legislators.  The gay activist movement itself in NJ has a long history. It gained momentum at the time of Stonewall, followed by the formation of the Gay Activist Alliance of NJ, and demonstrations and lobbying to strengthen the anti-discrimination law.

On March 26 when NJ students started skipping class to protest teacher layoffs, our Governor-General said, “They’re being used. I don’t blame the kids at all. They’re pawns.” Well Governor, I’d be careful if I were you. These “pawns” have taken on bigger men than you and rocked our world.  Power to the students!