Congressional District 10 Landscape

Speculation on who will succeed Representative Donald Payne, who died March 6, might best be delayed until after he is laid to rest on Wednesday, after which individuals will feel free to announce they are candidates, not candidates or maybe candidates. Nonetheless, the landscape has changed from 1988 when Representative Payne was first elected. At that time he had previously run against the incumbent Rep. Peter Rodino twice. Rodino after 40 years in office finally announced in 1988 he would not run again. Although fellow Municipal Councilman Ralph T. Grant contested Payne in the primary, there was no doubt that the successor would be the respected and well-regarded Donald Payne. He won with 77% of the votes and maintained a high voting record, sometimes unopposed, throughout his tenure. This time there is no one individual held in such high esteem nor considered as such an obvious choice. Also the map of this district over the successive years has changed but the population remains over 70% non-white with Newark as its largest city.  

Our crazy-quilt redistricting process yields a map for the 2012 CD elections with 57% of its population in Essex County, 23% in Hudson County, and 20% in Union County. It includes much of Essex County with much of Newark (153,337), part of Hudson with much of Jersey City (135,919) and part of Union County with part of Union (25,031). The historic home of this seat is Newark and the power center more broadly is Essex County, but Hudson County (particularly Jersey City) and Union represent 43% of the electorate.

By law the governor can appoint a temporary Senator when a vacancy occurs, but not a temporary Representative, so the office will remain vacant until a successor is elected. In the meantime staff continue routine activities. The governor is required to initiate a special election, and he could hold it earlier than the normal November 3 date, but such appears unlikely.

Voters in Elizabeth, which is in the current CD but not the new redistricted one, will have an opportunity to vote along with other current CD members in November for the remaining part of Rep. Payne’s term of office from November through early January. Those in the new CD will vote separately for the period that encompasses a new term from January 2013 through January 2015. There will also be a primary in June. Altogether this will be a confusing process for voters, made more so by the lack of an heir apparent. One prediction that can be made with virtual certainty is that a Democrat will win in this largely Democratic district.


Comments (4)

  1. zi985

    It looks like many of the current constituents of the 10th Congressional District will be voting for candidates in both a special primary and a regular primary election on June 5th (the special primary for the current 10th District and the regular primary for the new 10th District).  Then come November there will be a special Congressional election for the constituents of the current 10th District and a regular general election for the constituents of the new 10th District.  Interestingly, the 10th Congressional District is the congressional district in NJ that is most similar before and after the redistricting process occurred.  The NJ Department of State-Division of Elections was nice enough to post an interactive map that shows the borders of the 12 new districts while also showing where the old 13 districts used to be.  Here’s a link to the interactive map:

    So it looks like the small number of constituents of the current 10th District who will be able to vote in the special primary in June and special Congressional election in November, but NOT the regular primary and general elections for the new 10th District live in:

    1) the section of Elizabeth in the current 10th (that has been moved to the new 8th District)

    2) two small parts of Union Township (that have been moved to the new 7th District)

    3) the section of Millburn Township in the current 10th (that has been moved to the new 7th District)

    4) two small parts in Newark that have been moved to the new 8th District (the first being a 20 square block section in the Roseville neighborhood and the second being a 35 square block section in the South Broad Street neighborhood near Lincoln Park)

    The communities that will be able to vote in the regular primary and general election for the NEW 10th District but NOT the special primary and special general election for the current 10th District live in:

    1) the eastern half and northern tip of Linden (that are in the current 13th and 7th Districts, respectively)

    2) Roselle Park, NJ (that is in the current 7th District)

    3) two small parts of Union Township (that are in the current 7th District)

    4) most of South Orange (that is in the current 8th District)

    5) the eastern half of West Orange (that is in the current 8th District)

    6) the central part of Montclair (that is in the current 8th District)

    7) Glen Ridge Borough, NJ (that is in the current 8th District)

    8) the southern part of Bloomfield Township, NJ (that is in the current 8th District)

    9) three sections in Newark that are all in the current 13th District (the first being in the 7th Ave./University Heights/northern Central Business District, the second being in the South Ironbound neighborhood, and the third being a part of the North Ironbound neighborhood)

    10) the central part of Bayonne (that is in the current 13th District)

    11) a large chunk of central Jersey City encompassing the neighborhoods of West Side, McGinley Square, and Journal Square (that are all currently in the 13th District)

    The rest of the towns and cities (or parts thereof) that are in both the current AND the new 10th District and can vote in both the special and regular primary election in June and the special and regular general election in November are:

    1) Rahway

    2) the central part of Linden

    3) Roselle Borough

    4) the eastern part of Union Township

    5) Hillside Township

    6) Maplewood Township

    7) Irvington Township

    8) City of Orange

    9) East Orange

    10) southern part of Montclair

    11) an 8-square block of West Orange

    12) eastern part of South Orange

    13) all of Newark (with the exceptions of almost all of the North and South Ironbound neighborhoods, a small part of the eastern South Broad Street neighborhood, a small part of the southern Central Business District, Roseville, the 7th Ave. neighborhood, Mount Pleasant, Upper Roseville, Forest Hill, and North Broadway)

    14) the northern tip of Bayonne

    15) the Hacksensack River Waterfront, Greenville, and Bergen/Lafayette neighborhoods of Jersey City


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