Epic Irony

In lower Manhattan on American Indian Heritage Day, November 27, 2009, in front of the Museum of the American Indian, a historical event centuries in the making occurred as the Dutch Reformed Church apologized to the very last Lenape tribe left in NJ – The Sand Hill Band of Lenape and Cherokee Indians.

The irony is that the very same tribe that the Collegiate Church apologized to, and the one recognized by the State Department of the Federal Government and the Obama Administration, is the very same one that the State of NJ and its Commission on Indian Affairs REFUSES to recognize as indigenous and is attempting to write OUT of history.  History 400 years in the making was taking place in lower Manhattan while a few miles west across the Hudson, 12,000 years of history was being systematically, ruthlessly, maliciously erased.

The NJ Commission on American Indian Affairs needs to do some explaining. The Chair of the NJ Commission is a Ramapough, who are Tuscarora in origin, with Cherokee and Lenape having married into the tribe.  Also represented on the NJ Commission are the Nanticoke, who are from what is now the state of Delaware, who arrived here in the 1970’s and the Powhatan, from Virginia, also new (1970s) arrivals.  Conspicuous by their absence from the NJ Commission are the two oldest tribes in NJ, the Lenape – who are revered in song and story from one end of the state to the other because they were the original inhabitants of NJ going back 12,000 years, and the Cherokee tribe here since 1830, whose relatives walked the Trail of Tears.  These two tribes have been ignored and lied to by the very Commission which is supposed to represent them.  The Chiefs of both tribes have been requesting since the Commission was formed a decade ago, to be represented.  Even the Governor has refused their request.  This is what has prompted the Sand Hill Band to file a lawsuit in February which Judge Haden appears to have allegedly stalled in Federal District Court in Newark to this day.

One of the members of the Church happened to be a Ramapough Indian and was a speaker.  However, because the Ramapough had been invited to attend, the last remaining Lenape tribe left on Long Island – the Shinnecock – refused to come to the event.  The reason being was that they did not consider the Ramapough a Lenape Tribe.  To understand how large the rift is now between the last Lenape tribes here and the Ramapough, consider that the Shinnecock did not want to give the current Ramapough even the appearance of legitimacy as a Lenape tribe. The difference between the two is as different as Italy is from Russia. The Lenape are Algonquin while the Tuscarora are Iroquois.  Different customs, different language, different culture.  Over the years Cherokee and Lenape married into the Ramapough tribe as did the Dutch, but the fact that the Ramapough are passing themselves off as a Lenape “nation”, is quite offensive to the last true Lenape tribes left in NY and NJ. The Shinnacock would not bear the insult.

It is ironic that a chosen few of the Ramapough would attempt to prevent any recognition whatsoever of the Lenape grandfather tribe in NJ, while passing themselves off as a Lenape “nation”, and again, quite offensive. The fact that the State of NJ allegedly is going along with the charade is beyond the pale as well as costing the taxpayers over 25 million dollars to date.

And so, while history was being made in NYC, just across the river in NJ, history was being undone, erased, and a revisionist history being jammed into place to benefit a few, unscrupulous folks who appear to be allegedly committing identity theft on a huge scale.  They are even using the internet to wage their misinformation campaign.  Wikipedia has even been changed to leave out the Sand Hill altogether and erroneously states that NJ has three recognized tribes – which, according to Governor Corzine, it doesn’t.

We arrived by ferry and walked to the Bowling Green in front of the old Customs House which now houses the Museum of the American Indian.  The sky was gray and the wind was picking up, but thankfully the rain held off.  The covered stage was set up in the plaza with a huge color backdrop of what Manhattan had looked like before the Dutch came.  It had been a beautiful sea of green forest with a few small smoke plumes from Lenape villages visible.  It was truly beautiful.  The name of the event was “Healing Turtle Island”, which is what the Lenape called the land.  Facing the stage were 200 folding white chairs that would seat the families of the Church members and the Tribal Chiefs and elders.

Despite the absence of the Shinnecock, it was a happy reunion for many of the participants.  Chief Darius J. TwoBears Ross of the Ani~Tsalagi Onaselagi Northeastern Band – a cousin tribe and ally to the Sand Hills, arrived with his tribal members, elders and family. In attendance was ShadowWalker, Red Chief of the Ani~Tsalagi,  tribal elder Ed TwoBears Peart and his family and Tribal Elder Diane BlueSkyLenapeWoman Crawford, who was a Ramapough and who is now a member of the Ani~Tsalagi Onaselagi Northeastern Band.  

Then the Sand Hill members started to arrive. I met Principal Chief MedicineCrow Holloway and his family including his son, Chairman Ron Yonaguska Holloway, who would give the keynote address.  Arleen Richards, great granddaughter of Chief Crummel of the Sand Hill was also present with her family.  There was also tribal elder Yvonne Dennis, the children’s book author.  Also in attendance were two Delaware tribal representatives who came all the way from Bartesville, Oklahoma, Curtis Zingha, and Carmen McKosato Ketcher, as well as Lenape from Ontario Canada, The Munsee.

It was a virtual who’s who of NJ’s Lenape and Cherokee tribal elders and chiefs.  It was wonderful to see them all in one place.  There were smiles and hugs all around. These were the first contact Lenape Nations (The Sand Hills, The Delaware from OK, The Munsee from Canada) who had suffered the most from the discovery of the New World.  The speeches by the Oklahoma Delaware and the Sand Hill about forgiveness would be the most emotional and touching of all the addresses at the event.

To the curiosity of many, Dwayne Perry, CEO of the Ramapough, was also in attendance.   Recently the Court had ruled that the Ramapough are no longer a tribe but simply a non profit 501.c3. They must have their election this coming June and it will be closely monitored. Allegedly, days before the last election, when Perry was named Chief, nearly 25 families were kicked out of the Ramapough tribe and not allowed to vote until two weeks AFTER the election when they were re-instated.  It reminded me of a BCDO election under Joe Ferriero.  The very sad part of the whole Ramapough story, is that there are Lenape members of this “Tuscarora” tribe and they are related to the Sand Hill.  

At 11 am, the event began. The drum circle included half a dozen tribal members singing in strong, clear voices while striking a single large drum with large sticks, buffered by soft cloth at the ends.  The strength and power of the vocals struck me.  It was mesmerizing and incredibly stirring.

The blessing came first, then a description of what Manahatta was like before Henry Hudson arrived.  The Church members described their role in the settling of New Amsterdam, and why we were here this day. The Church representative publicly apologized for their painful role in the exploitation of the resources of this new world and the resultant displacement and suffering of the Lenape people.

Chairman Ronald Yonaguska Holloway accepted the apology on behalf of the Lenape in an eloquent speech that ended with a promise of hope for the future.  Rev. Chase, a descendent of the very first Dutch child born here in the New World, then embraced Ron Holloway, the son of the current Principal Chief of the Sand Hill, in a symbolic gesture of forgiveness.

The representatives of the Bartesville Oklahoma Delaware followed, explaining that the Lenape thought that no one could own land – it would be like owning the wind – recounted how the misunderstandings began.  The Lenape from Oklahoma then spoke of forgiveness and how it was freeing.  In a symbolic gesture of peace, they brought the Church elders wampum beads that recorded this event. The son of the Oklahoma Delaware representative and the daughter of a Church elder then exchanged necklaces in a show of harmony for the future.

Chief MedicineCrow Holloway of the Sand Hill and his son, Chairman Ron Yonaguska Holloway played a haunting flute and drum piece written especially for the occasion by Chief Holloway, a gifted, critically acclaimed musician.  The haunting melody evoked the spiritual feeling of the day, sorrowful remembrance, but beauty as well.  The softness and clarity of a message waiting to be heard by those of us willing to finally listen.  Elegant in its simplicity.  

The theme spoken of again and again was the future and where to go from here. We have changed each other forever, but while the Church admitted to regrettably imposing their will on their “brothers and sisters”, they called now for learning FROM the Lenape on how to live sustainably and care for Creation.  Creation was a repeated idea throughout the day. It is the central idea that both the Church and the Lenape have most in common.  The Lenape creation story of the land being created from the back of a turtle was invoked.  Creation should be the common ground going forward.  How we protect and cherish our natural world and each other.  

Outside in the windy day, with the Hudson’s waters lapping against the shoreline nearby, the grey sky showing nature’s power over us, it somehow made sense that this event was not held indoors.  The Lenape have always revered the earth, and perhaps that is what held the rain back that day.  The sun broke through at the end of the event while the public and the elders of the Church and the tribes shared steaming cups of bison chili with cornbread. Yvonne Dennis shared her books with crowd eager to learn more about Native Americans. The drum circle that had begun the day’s events played on as we all shared in the meal together and got to all know each other better.

Somehow I could imagine the Creator up there, smiling.

Nick took lots of video – which should be up shortly…..

Comments (18)

  1. joeknows

    Ok … i was gonna let this fantasy of yours go because if it helps you sleep at night… there are so many lies and assumptions in this article, i don’t know where to begin! I will start out with your statement about your lawsuit (or actually what’s left of it. Most was tossed out of court already) This lawsuit will end just as predicted, “dismissed”. As it stands, your claims have no credibility. Instead of attacking other tribes, wouldn’t it make more sense to prove YOUR claim? All you are doing is drawing negativity to YOURSELF. I am pretty up on the histories of the tribes here in NJ and obviously you are not. Example.. Ramapough are not Tuscarora. Some may have some Tuscarora blood in their mix and some may not. The history of  the Ramapough is well documented. They are the remnants of the Hackensack and the Tappans. This was written and published by the historian Van Valen who was a judge and a prominent lawyer for Bergen County in the year 1900.

    I’m sure even you realize with your limited knowledge that the names of the tribes were given to them by the dutch, not what the tribes called themselves.

    Do you have any idea of how the tribes interacted in this area, how the tribal government worked or where the seat of this leadership was located?

    By making false claims about others makes you no better than everyone else who think they “know” and trying to keep the attention off your false claims isn’t working.

    In closing, i’d like to bring up the most humorous part of your story where you mention someone who was a “Ramapough” but now is “Ani-“. How can a leopard just change his spots? Tribal membership is by blood, it’s not a social club. i’m assuming this person lied or forged their docs to become a registered “Ramapough”.

    Also, if your worrying about wasting taxpayers money, why didn’t you think of this when you filed your frivolous lawsuit!  

  2. joeknows

    Ever wonder why when “Lonebear” Revey helped to form the commission, he didn’t include you, the Sand Hill and Ani on it? Because you don’t exist. Where were you then?

  3. joeknows

    I now have a copy of this article. Remove all slanderous statements about the Ramapough immediately or i WILL persue a libel suit and I hold you personally responsible.

  4. Rosi Efthim

    Take it off-blog, you two. I mean it.

    Nobody here is interested in the constant back-and-forth between individuals on this issue.  

  5. Rosi Efthim

    Nobody has been able to write about this issue here so that the rest of us don’t have to wade through lengthy posts followed by back-and-forth challenges between usually only 2-3 people that are better suited for off-site email arguments. We’re done with this thread.  

  6. carolh (Post author)

    First of all for me a fantasy would be Universal Health Care and safer vaccines.  

    The information in my diary is very very real.  I have video proof and everything:


    You can see Ron Yonaguska Holloway on stage during this event.  He actually read the response on behalf of the Lenape tribes.

    I assure you the lawsuit is also very very real, and it has not been dismissed, which even you admit.  

    While we are comparing credentials, where are yours?  I got my information from the Smithsonian and the foremost experts on the Lenape.  MY backup:


    I also watched with my own two eyes as a Sand Hill Chief accepted the apology of the Dutch Collegiate Church. The Dutch  Church knew who to apologize to.

    The Ramapo are not a Lenape tribe.  They ARE Tuscarora. The Lenape should know who they are related to.  There are only four Lenape Tribes left – the Munsee, the Oklahoma Delaware, the Shinnecock, and the Sand Hill.  The Ramapough are not on that short list.

    Where did you get your information?  From one old judge in 1900?  Did I miss something?  Does two of a kind suddenly beat quad aces?  Does one old obscure reference trump the Smithsonian, the Dutch, the remaining Lenape tribes and even the Federal Government?

    Whoever sent you to blog here hasn’t told you everything.  I am not a Native American.  So far as I know, I never have been.  And so, I didn’t file the lawsuit, the Sand Hill did.  You know, the last Lenape tribe still left in NJ.

    The former Ramapough member was adopted into the Ani Tsalagi tribe after leaving the Ramapough.  I have no say in who a tribe wishes to adopt and that should be their right, not yours or mine.

    And so, “in closing”, I would love to see more backup for your position, this is a blog, after all…..

  7. joeknows

    You still didn’t answer my question about Lonebear Reavey not giving the Sandhill a seat on the commission when he formed it. You are right in one thing.. YOU are not a Native American and I am. I know all about my heritage and who i’m related to. Back to the comission.. Lonebear didn’t put the Sandhill on the commission because there were not organized to be put there. At that time only Lone bear was the only Sandhill involved with doing anything. So much for “continuous existance”.

  8. joeknows

    One old judge from 1900 is just one eyewitness of many, but he is an important eyewitness because he is a prominent person of authority in the community and he IDENTIFIED a person BY NAME as being Tappan and Hackensack descendant. His blood is in our blood. Last time I remember, One eyewitness is enough to convict a man for murder.

     This isn’t our only proof of existance but i see you did a little homework. You mentioned all these other tribes who don’t recognize us. So i guess you don’t know about our blood relations in the Brothertowns in Wisconsin or our ties to the Stockbridge Munsees and the Mohawks. Gee, there’s alot you don’t know but how could you when you’ve heard only one side of the story. They have told you nothing but lies and you believe it.

  9. joeknows

    Let’s get back to the real facts. This article is suppose to be about the Sand Hill. Keep it on topic. Now that I have told you some of who we are, no more  is to be written here about the Ramapough. You are posting lies and this is slander. If you continue, i can show you what a  real libel lawsuit looks like and it will stick! Last warning, no more about the Ramapough.. Stick to your topic.  

  10. joeknows

    None of the native American tribes adopt anyone into there tribe. This hasn’t happened since colonial days and only with some tribes. You’ve just shown more proof that they are a wannabee tribe as only wannabees will adopt anyone and blood relations not required. Real N.A. tribes shun such practices..But as you said.. YOU are not native so how would you know???  

  11. carolh (Post author)

    Crazy Horse of the Powhatan did with a family member in the State house.  Which is why the Sand Hill were left out.

  12. carolh (Post author)

    You have to also be in a tribe.  The Ramapough are not a tribe according to the courts.  

    If a Jewish person marries into your tribe, does that make it a Jewish tribe??

  13. carolh (Post author)

    that the cherished NA tradition of not speaking ill of another tribe has quite a double standard with you.  You can speak ill of the Sand Hill while you demand nothing is said of your tribe.  It would be better for everyone if the Ramapough treated the Sand Hill with the same respect the Sand Hill have shown to the other groups in NJ, including the 501.c3 that is the Ramapough.

  14. carolh (Post author)

    that the NA adopted into the Ani-Tsalagi tribe didn’t have Cherokee blood?  You are OK with folks in your tribe having mixed blood, but you can’t comprehend that perhaps this individual also had Cherokee.  

  15. carolh (Post author)

    Blue Jersey is not responsible for my statements.  I stand by my reporting.

  16. carolh (Post author)

    The state of NJ is involved in a major lawsuit against the current administration.  And this diary is proof that the Sand Hill are who they say they are.

    I will post future diaries on a different site, but the legislature reads Blue Jersey and they need to know about this because they can fix this situation by passing a bill to give proper recognition to the Sand Hill and Ani- Tsalagi.  This isn’t just a pissing match with no political consequences for NJ.

  17. joeknows

    The Sand hill lawsuit has no bearing on slanderous statements made by Carol about the Ramapough. Blue Jersey IS responsible because they allow Carol to publish these lies on a public forum. Last time i’m gonna say it.. remove the slander now! Stick to your topic. Leave the Ramapough out of it or I will follow through with my suit.

  18. joeknows

    the United States Department of Justice acknowledged in court that the Ramapough are Indians. read the reference.

    Catalano, Albert J. and Plache, Matthew J. (2006-04-30). “The case for Ramapough tribal status”. North Jersey Media.  You really don’t know anything..  


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